Mortgage Required Income Calculator - Capital Bank (2024)

The best way to think about how much home you can afford is to consider what your maximum monthly mortgage can be. As a general rule of thumb, lenders limit a mortgage payment plus your other debts to a certain percentage of your monthly income, which can be approximately 41%.

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Glossary of terms

  • Desired mortgage amount
  • Monthly housing expenses
  • Monthly liabilities
  • Monthly housing payment
  • Maximum principle and interest
  • Start interest rates
  • The term in years
  • Real estate taxes
  • Hazard insurance
  • Association dues or fees
  • Monthly PMI

Desired mortgage amount

The amount a borrower agrees to repay, as set forth in the loan contract.

Monthly housing expenses

Monthly outlay that includes monthly mortgage payment plus additional costs like property taxes and homeowners insurance, as well as other potentially applicable costs like mortgage insurance, flood insurance, homeowners association or co-op fees, or special tax assessments.

Monthly liabilities

Amounts of money that you owe to another person or entity. Liabilities can be short-term like credit card payments or longer-term like car loans or mortgages.

Monthly housing payment

A mortgage payment that includes PITI (principal, interest, taxes, insurance).

Maximum principle and interest

Calculated by subtracting your monthly taxes and insurance from your monthly PITI payment to calculate the maximum principle and interest (PI) payment to determine the mortgage amount that you could qualify for.

Start interest rates

The introductory interest rate, also known as the teaser rate or start rate, on an adjustable or floating-rate loan. It is usually lower than most other interest rates and often stays consistent within a specific time frame only.

The term in years

Mortgage terms aren’t limited to 30 and 15 years. Plenty of buyers prefer other options like 10-year, 20-year, 25-year, 40-year, and even five-year terms, based on their monthly income and budgetary goals.

Real estate taxes

Charged on immovable property, including land and structures that are permanently attached to the ground, such as a house or building. When you buy a home, you must pay real estate taxes, also known as property taxes, directly to your local tax assessor or indirectly as part of your monthly mortgage payment.

Hazard insurance

Insurance coverage for the structure of a home.

Association dues or fees

Required by some condominiums and neighborhoods as part of a homeowners’ association (HOA). Dues are typically paid directly to the homeowners’ association (HOA) and are not included in the payment you make to your mortgage servicer.

Monthly PMI

Stands for private mortgage insurance, which is a type of mortgage insurance you could be required to pay for if you have a conventional loan. PMI is typically required when you obtain a conventional mortgage and make a down payment of less than 20 percent of a home’s purchase price.

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Commonly Asked Questions

For most buyers, obtaining a mortgage and buying a home is the largest financial undertaking they will complete in their lifetime. Homes appreciate in value and are typically considered a sound investment for most applicants.

But committing to repay a large amount of money can be confusing. Let’s look at the most commonly asked questions that pop up during the process.

Lenders consider two main points when reviewing loan applications: the likelihood of repaying the loan (typically determined by a credit score) and the ability to do so (typically determined by proof of income). explains that mortgage income verification, even if they have impeccable credit, borrowers still must prove their income is enough to cover monthly mortgage paymen

Online resource explains that the lower an applicant’s debt-to-income ratio, the greater the chances that the borrower will be approved for a credit application.

As a customary rule, 43 percent is the highest debt-to-income — read DTI — ratio a borrower can have and still be qualified for a mortgage.

However, lenders prefer a debt-to-income ratio lower than 36 percent, with no more than 28 percent of that debt as a mortgage or rent payment.

In reality, though, the maximum DTI ratio varies from lender to lender.

Mortgage refinancing options are reserved for qualified borrowers, just like new mortgages. As an existing homeowner, you’ll need to prove your steady income, have good credit, and be able to prove at least 20 percent equity in your home.

Just like borrowers must prove creditworthiness to initially qualify for a mortgage loan approval, borrowers have to do the same for mortgage refinancing.

Both ratios are considered for credit application approvals.

Front-end DTI s a calculation beyond DTI that pinpoints how much of a person’s gross income is going toward housing costs. If a homeowner has a mortgage, the front-end DTI is typically calculated as housing expenses, including mortgage payments, mortgage insurance, and homeowners insurance, divided by gross income.

On the other hand, back-end DTI estimates the percentage of gross income going toward other types of debt, such as credit cards or car loans.

Experian explains that prequalification tends to refer to less rigorous assessments, while a preapproval will require you to reveal more personal and financial information with a creditor.

As a result, an offer based on a prequalification may be less reliable than an offer based on a preapproval.

There are four key factors to qualifying for a home mortgage: a down payment of at least 3 percent, a credit score of at least 620, PMI rates or similar fees, and DTI

For an FHA loan, the residence must be the primary place you will live. In addition, you need to have a credit score of at least 500, a down payment of at least 3.5 percent, and a DTI ratio of less than 50 percent. No specific income minimums are required. Watch our video for more information. (This is an estimated example.)

To afford a house that costs $600,000 with a 20 percent down payment (equal to $120,000), you will need to earn just under $90,000 per year before tax. The monthly mortgage payment would be approximately $2,089 in this scenario. (This is an estimated example.)

To afford a $400,000 house, borrowers need $55,600 in cash to put 10 percent down. With a 30-year mortgage, your monthly income should be at least $8200 and your monthly payments on existing debt should not exceed $981. (This is an estimated example.)

To be approved for a $200,000 mortgage with a minimum down payment of 3.5 percent, you will need an approximate income of $62,000 annually. (This is an estimated example.)

The maximum mortgage you may qualify for depends on several factors, including: credit score, combined gross annual income, monthly expenses, the proposed down payment, and other associated costs.

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In conclusion, the primary factors for mortgage approval are credit score, income, existing debt, and down payment. As a savvy consumer, you can run scenarios with various inputs to find the right mortgage lending solution for you.

Once you procure a mortgage, be sure to pay your payments on time and include extra principal payments as available. These actions will ensure you are able to refinance should mortgage rates become more desirable.

Home-ownership is a journey and a dream for most Americans. Use the research we’ve compiled to make the most of your adventure toward owning a home.


The information provided by these calculators is for illustrative purposes only. Results do not reflect all loan programs and are subject to specific loan limits. Qualification, rates and payments will vary based on timing and individual circ*mstances. This is not a commitment to pre-approve or lend. Be sure to consult a financial professional prior to relying on the results. The calculated results are intended for illustrative purposes only and accuracy is not guaranteed.

Mortgage Required Income Calculator - Capital Bank (2024)


What income do you need for a $600000 mortgage? ›

The principal, interest and property mortgage insurance on $600,000 house with a 15% down payment and a 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage with 7% rate would cost $3,662. To afford this, you would need a monthly income of about $13,079 or an annual income of about $157,000.

Can I afford a 200K house with a 60k salary? ›

An individual earning $60,000 a year may buy a home worth ranging from $180,000 to over $300,000. That's because your wage isn't the only factor that affects your house purchase budget. Your credit score, existing debts, mortgage rates, and a variety of other considerations must all be taken into account.

What income do you need for an $800000 mortgage? ›

Ideally, you should make $208,000 or more a year to comfortably manage an $800,000 home purchase, based on the commonly used 28 percent rule (which states that you shouldn't spend more than 28 percent of your income on housing).

Can I afford a 600k house on 100K salary? ›

A $100K annual salary breaks down to about $8,333 per month. Applying the 28/36 rule, 28 percent of $8,333 equals $2,333. That's notably less than our estimated monthly home payment on a $600,000 house, $3,700, so no, you probably cannot reasonably afford a home purchase of that amount on your salary.

How much house can I afford if I make $36,000 a year? ›

On a salary of $36,000 per year, you can afford a house priced around $100,000-$110,000 with a monthly payment of just over $1,000. This assumes you have no other debts you're paying off, but also that you haven't been able to save much for a down payment.

How much income do you need to buy a $750000 house? ›

How much do I need to make for a $750,000 house? A $750,000 house, with a 5% interest rate for 30 years and $35,000 (5%) down will require an annual income of $183,694.

Can I afford a 300K house on a 50K salary? ›

A person who makes $50,000 a year might be able to afford a house worth anywhere from $180,000 to nearly $300,000. That's because your annual salary isn't the only variable that determines your home buying budget. You also have to consider your credit score, current debts, mortgage rates, and many other factors.

Can I afford a 300K house on a 60K salary? ›

Can I buy a 300K house with 60k salary? It's possible for a person making $60K to purchase a home worth up to $300,000. However, in order to do so you'll need excellent credit and sufficient savings or other resources available as down payment and closing costs.

Can I afford a 400k house with a 60K salary? ›

For example, at current mortgage rates, borrowers with an FHA loan and a 10% down payment would need to earn about $70,000 a year to afford a $400,000 house. Borrowers with a conventional loan and a 20% down payment would need a salary of $100,000 or more.

What income do you need for a $700000 mortgage? ›

Here's how the rule works for the annual income of $151,200, as determined above. Dividing by 12 for a monthly amount comes to $12,600, and 28 percent of $12,600 is $3,528 — almost exactly equal to the monthly principal and interest figure roughly determined above.

How much income to afford a 1 million dollar house? ›

To comfortably afford a home valued at $1 million, financial experts recommend an annual salary between $269,000 and $366,000. This range, however, is subject to variation depending on your: Annual income. Debt-to-income ratio (DTI)

What income do you need for a $1000000 mortgage? ›

Income Necessary for a $1 Million Home (California)
3.5% DOWN FHA FINANCING:$230,000 per year**
15% DOWN CONVENTIONAL FINANCING:$200,000 per year**
20% DOWN CONVENTIONAL FINANCING:$185,000 per year**
Aug 5, 2022

How much is 100k a year hourly? ›

$100,000 a year is how much an hour? If you make $100,000 a year, your hourly salary would be $48.08.

What is the 28 36 rule? ›

According to the 28/36 rule, you should spend no more than 28% of your gross monthly income on housing and no more than 36% on all debts. Housing costs can include: Your monthly mortgage payment. Homeowners Insurance. Private mortgage insurance.

Can I buy a million dollar home with 100k salary? ›

And, here is the answer to the question: You need anywhere from $100,000 to $300,000 in income to buy a $1 million dollar home right now. The reason there is so much variance is because there are so many factors that impact qualification, including: Size of down payment. Property tax rates.

How much house can I afford if I make $45000 a year? ›

On a salary of $45,000 per year, you can afford a house priced at around $120,000 with a monthly payment of $1,050 for a conventional home loan — that is, if you have no debt and can make a down payment. This number assumes a 6% interest rate.

How much house can I afford if I make $70,000 a year? ›

If you make $70K a year, you can likely afford a home between $290,000 and $310,000*. Depending on your personal finances, that's a monthly house payment between $2,000 and $2,500. Keep in mind that figure will include your monthly mortgage payment, taxes, and insurance.

How much money do you need to make to qualify for a $700000 mortgage? ›

Let's say you want to buy a home for $875,000 with a down payment of 20% or $175,000. To qualify for a 30-year mortgage loan of $700,000 with a 6% interest rate, you would need to earn around $180,000 annually. For a 15-year loan, you would need to earn around $253,000 annually.


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